Pandemic in China: 2022-05-23

I live in Changsha, Hunan, I have zero medical background and zero access to independent sources of data on the pandemic in China.

What I can say, is to give my perspective as someone on the ground.

I hear comments everywhere on the Western Internet that China is in trouble and that ‘Zero Covid’ is unsustainable. Even the WHO have put out such statements.

Firstly, please note that some time ago ‘Zero Covid’ was replaced by ‘Dynamic Zero Covid’. They are different. Have you bothered to find out what the difference is?

China is NOT underestimating the seriousness caused by the latest Omicron variant. I note other countries, such as the UK and its govt, are putting out messages that they’ve ‘beaten’ the virus. That’s from a country of 68m and the latest ONS survey states that about 100/day are still dying from Covid and still has a prevalence of about 1 in 53 . Whereas mainland China is STILL putting out messages that this is still a very serious disease and to be treated with the utmost caution. And out of 1.4b inhabitants, yesterday there was 1 (one) fatality. So serious that my family and I, along with 10m others in our city, have been tested 8 times in 6 weeks, when the highest number of still infected persons reached 68 (and currently that has come down to 7) in the provincial population of 66m. And I have read that China currently has the capacity to carry out over 50m NAT (PCR’s are a type of Nucleic Acid Tests) a day. They’re pretty rigorous about contact tracing but the testing goes way beyond that to whole communities. And in the UK you can’t even get a free test and even the paid ones cannot be reported if positive; the only recorded tests are done on hospital patients, so govt ‘case’ figures have no connection to prevalence in the community. At least the UK still has the ONS, although other truly ‘world-beating’ studies/surveillance such as REACT and ZOE have had their funding completely axed.

Yes, the world has noted the extremely severe lockdown in Shanghai along with its consequences both for the residents and for the world economy, particular related to computer chip shortages. But the severe restrictions have dramatically slowed down the spread of Omicron. Note that this variant arrived in China at exactly the same time as the UK, early December 2021. Within one month, Omicron had completely taken over the whole of the UK, putting it into the worst incidence rate of the entire pandemic. Right now, nearly 6 months on, outbreaks in China are limited. Yes, Hong Kong has been devastated with some of the highest infections and death rates in the world. But incidence has come right down to around 300 cases/day. Yes and there’s been Shanghai, where in a population of 25m its current infection levels are now around 1,000/day and yesterday one fatality. Yes and there are other outbreaks in Beijing (less than 100/day) and Tianjin (32/day).

But China is being bloody careful. Here in Changsha EVERYBODY is still wearing masks on the bus and the metro, and most people even wear them outside. We have electronic health cards on our phones which record vaccine records, dates of latest tests if within the last 10 days, and travel records (via the phone network providers) showing if you’ve been an an area of high risk in the last 14 days. These are scanned in every major building, most shops and every Metro station. Until recently they were scanned on entry to the buses.

An example of Chinese caution: 606 medical workers just returned from Shanghai where they’d been for over 5 weeks, helping with the response to the Omicron outbreak there. On arrival back in Changsha, they immediately went into a quarantine hotel.

It is my perception that the WHO and most Western commentators never think about the big picture and the impact of restrictions has had on the spread of the virus. If China followed the example of the west and abandoned its Dynamic Zero Covid policy and other NPIs, it would be devastated. Applying the UK/s death rate/m to China would result in 3.5m deaths. But China is not going to let that happen, not without a big fight anyway. Because China has dramatically slowed down Omicron, it has a large section of the population which is relatively unaffected and can provide help for those areas under stress. 40,000 were able to move to Shanghai to provide support for healthcare, testing etc. If Omicron was everywhere, no help could be provided.

China recognises that the pandemic is not over for anyone until it’s over for everyone. Not just everyone on the world-wide scene, but internally here in China. Moving from province to province requires testing.

I’m bloody glad they’re being very careful.

Pandemic in China

So grateful to see that Hong Kong had its first fatality-free day yesterday since the beginning of February.

And Shanghai infection numbers yesterday down to 3,975 (including 3,760 asymptomatics) and 8 deaths. Back in mid April it was 28,038 cases on 13 April, with its recent wave starting mid March (5 cases on 16 March). Shanghai’s had such a terrible time.

Hoping Beijing manages to prevent another huge wave. (53 cases 2 days ago including 8 asymptomatics).

Here in Hunan, the total number still infected is down to 25 with no new cases yesterday (in a population of 66m). We’ve been tested 8 times now in the last 6 weeks.

Pandemic Precautions in China

Unlike Shanghai and Jilin, Changsha, Hunan, has not been badly hit. Zero new cases for 3 days in the province (66m) with ‘still infected’ total down to 20 from a high of 68. But everyone is complying with precautions. We’ve had 6 PCR tests in the last 3 weeks as part of mass testing. The results go on to our electronic health card (together with vaccination records). Everywhere you go, your health card is scanned; even now on buses.

I know people in the West mock the mainland China precautions (e.g. the UK Health Minister Sajid Javid, who has zero health qualifications) but just compare the stats to get an idea about their effectiveness!

Here’s an example about guidance using public transport put out by the local Changsha CDC:

I’m grateful for an abundance of caution.

QR Health Code scanner
Electronic Health Card on phone
Home testing for my 90-year-old In-Laws

Some Pandemic Surprises

A couple of days ago I was searching the internet for some details about the early days of the pandemic in China: When was the first death? when was it discovered that the virus was infectious before symptoms became evident? when was the WHO alerted about the virus? when was the earliest confirmed case?

I had some rough ideas about these but wanted some references from those who research these things.

But I was surprised by some of the results and can’t help wondering why! Could it be that the message does not fit the dominant narrative?

The Earliest Cases and Alerts

“On December 27 last year (2020), Zhang Jixian, a respiratory doctor in Wuhan, which was hardest hit by the coronavirus outbreak, was the first to alert authorities of a new contagious disease after treating patients with flu-like symptoms. Meanwhile, the city’s health officials started an investigation into the viral outbreak.

Within three days, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission sent out an urgent notification about an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown causes in the city, and started releasing briefings on the disease since December 31. National experts were also sent to investigate the epidemic on site.”
[https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-05-06/Timeline-How-did-China-warn-the-world-about-the-coronavirus-outbreak-QgTpKdT6o0/index.html]

“SARS-CoV-2 is a newly discovered virus that is closely related to bat coronaviruses,[24] pangolin coronaviruses,[25][26] and SARS-CoV.[27] The first known outbreak started in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in November 2019. Many early cases were linked to people who had visited the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market there,[28][29][30] but it is possible that human-to-human transmission began earlier.[31][32]

The scientific consensus is that the virus is most likely of zoonotic origin, from bats or another closely-related mammal.[31][33][34] Despite this, the subject has generated extensive speculation about alternative origins.[35][32][36] The origin controversy heightened geopolitical divisions, notably between the United States and China.[37]

The earliest known infected person fell ill on 1 December 2019. That individual did not have a connection with the later wet market cluster.[38][39] However, an earlier case may have occurred on 17 November.[40] Two-thirds of the initial case cluster were linked with the market.[41][42][43] Molecular clock analysis suggests that the index case is likely to have been infected between mid-October and mid-November 2019.[44][45]
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic#Background]

Li WenLiang

Li Wenliang (Chinese: 李文亮; 12 October 1986 – 7 February 2020) was a Chinese ophthalmologist who warned his colleagues about early COVID-19 infections in Wuhan.[2] On 30 December 2019, Wuhan CDC issued emergency warnings to local hospitals about a number of mysterious “pneumonia” cases discovered in the city in the previous week.[3] On the same day, Li, who worked at the Central Hospital of Wuhan, received an internal diagnostic report of a suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) patient from other doctors which he in turn shared with his Wuhan University alumni through WeChat group. He was dubbed a whistleblower when that shared report later circulated publicly despite his requesting confidentiality from those with whom he shared the information.[4][5] Rumors of a deadly SARS outbreak subsequently spread on Chinese social media platforms; Wuhan police summoned and admonished him on 3 January for “making false comments on the Internet about unconfirmed SARS outbreak.”[4][6]
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Wenliang]

“China named Li Wenliang — the doctor who sounded the alarm about the coronavirus that later killed him  — a “martyr” following a campaign to silence him by police in Wuhan.

Li was among 12 dead medics given the official honor by the Chinese Communist Party on Thursday (2020-04-02), according to state media outlet CCTV.

“Martyr” is the highest honor the Communist Party can bestow on a citizen killed working to serve China, according to the state-run Global Times tabloid.
[https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-china-li-wenliang-whistleblower-doctor-martyr-2020-4]

Information to the WHO

“Since January 3, China has been regularly informing the World Health Organization (WHO) and relevant countries, including the United States, on the latest development of the situation.

On January 12, China shared with the WHO information on the genome sequence of the novel coronavirus, which has laid a solid foundation for global efforts of scientific research and vaccine development.

On January 23, China put Wuhan into lockdown to contain the virus. By that time, the megacity with 11 million residents had reported fewer than 500 infections, while cases outside the country was merely seven.”
{https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-05-06/Timeline-How-did-China-warn-the-world-about-the-coronavirus-outbreak-QgTpKdT6o0/index.html]

Earliest Death

According to the WHO, the earliest recorded death was 2020-01-06
[https://covid19.who.int/region/wpro/country/cn]

“During the beginning of the pandemic, the Chinese government showed a pattern of secrecy and top-down control.[4] It censored discussions about the outbreak since the beginning of its spread, from as early as 1 January,[5][6] worked to censor and counter reporting and criticism about the crisis – which included the detention of several citizen journalists[7] – and portray the official response to the outbreak in a positive light,[8][9][10] and restricted and facilitated investigations probing the origins of COVID-19.[4][11] Early in the pandemic, several commentators (world leaders and anonymous whistleblowers) suspected the Chinese government had deliberately under-reported the extent of infections and deaths.[12][13][14][15][better source needed] However, contrary to popular speculation, academic studies have found no evidence that China manipulates COVID-19 data.[16][17][18][19][20] The New York Times reported in early 2022 that that “most experts believe the country’s official Covid counts have been at least close to accurate for most of the past two years.”[21]

From <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019%E2%80%932020_COVID-19_outbreak_in_mainland_China>

Ref: 21: Leonhardt, David (4 February 2022). “Zero Covid in China”. The New York Times. [https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/04/briefing/zero-covid-china-olympics.html]

Knowledge of Asymptomatic Transmission

While the earliest diagnoses indicated a SARS1 type illness/flu/pneumonia, the latter was known both to result in high mortality, but also only to become infectious once symptoms appeared.

“On 1 February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) indicated that “transmission from asymptomatic cases is likely not a major driver of transmission”.[70] One meta-analysis found that 17% of infections are asymptomatic, and asymptomatic individuals were 42% less likely to transmit the virus.[71]

However, an epidemiological model of the beginning of the outbreak in China suggested that “pre-symptomatic shedding may be typical among documented infections” and that subclinical infections may have been the source of a majority of infections.[72] That may explain how out of 217 on board a cruise liner that docked at Montevideo, only 24 of 128 who tested positive for viral RNA showed symptoms.[73] Similarly, a study of ninety-four patients hospitalized in January and February 2020 estimated patients began shedding virus two to three days before symptoms appear and that “a substantial proportion of transmission probably occurred before first symptoms in the index case“.[74] The authors later published a correction that showed that shedding began earlier than first estimated, four to five days before symptoms appear.[75]
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severe_acute_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus_2#Asymptomatic_and_presymptomatic_transmission]

May 1, 2020: “We estimate that 86% of all infections were undocumented [95% credible interval (CI): 82–90%] before the 23 January 2020 travel restrictions. “
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164387/]

Location of Wuhan Institute of Virology and the Wet Market

“The Wuhan Institute of Virology is not 400 meters away from the Huanan seafood market. It is roughly 26,912 meters (or about 17 miles) away. The confusion stems from a so-called “scientific paper” (self-published in February 2020 on the academic networking site Research Gate with no peer review) that asserted with deeply flawed reasoning that “Wuhan Disease Prevention and Control Center” was involved in bat coronavirus research. The authors of that paper pointed to a building identified on Google Maps as the “Wuhan Jianghan Disease Prevention and Control Center” in close proximity to the market as a potential lab-derived source of the COVID-19 pandemic.”
[https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/cruz-wuhan-tweet/]

Conclusion

I don’t pretend to be a researcher or an academic. Just ‘a man on the street’ trying to find out the best information. There remain lots of unanswered questions, many of them surrounding the origins of this scurge. Amongst these unanswered questions are 1) why were Covid antibodies discovered in samples taken for a cancer screening programme done throughout Italy, with the earliest dating back to September 2019?
[https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33176598/]

and 2) how come university researchers found the virus itself in Barcelona sewage samples taken there on 2019-03-12, and how do its genetics relate to the wild Wuhan virus?
[https://www.ub.edu/web/ub/en/menu_eines/noticies/2020/06/042.html]

It’s Bloody Infectious, even Outside!

0.5 Meters – That is What It Takes to Get

Infected Without Wearing a Mask! Foreign Affairs (Hong Kong and Macao Affairs)

Office of Hunan Province Reminds Foreign Friends and Compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao in Hunan to Wear a Mask and Take Proper Personal Protection

2022-03-23

A COVID-19 case was confirmed in Furong district, Changsha, according to the announcement of the Office of Changsha

Municipal COVID-19 Prevention and Control Headquarter on March 21. The epidemiological investigation shows that the above mentioned case had overlapped outdoor path with another infected case who traveled to Changsha from another province.

Both of them did not wear masks. They walked from opposite directions and passed each other at a distance of onlv 0.5 meters.

Without wearing a mask, can the virus be transmitted at a distance of about 0.5 meters, especially in the open air?

The answer is yes, according to an expert from CDC. No matter how much the COVID-19 virus mutates, it can still spread through droplets and contacts. The most cost-effective and simple was to avoid infection are to properly wear a mask, wash and disinfect hands and keep a safe distance.

CDC reminds the public that the pandemic prevention and control is a duty for all, and everyone is responsible for their own health. In daily life, it is necessary to properly take personal protections by wearing masks, washing hands frequently, and maintaining a social distance of 1 meter in public places, etc. It is also required to comply with prevention and control protocols such as scanning

the designated health code for each public place at the entrance, getting vaccinated and avoiding gatherings.

Translated by Office of Foreign Affairs Commission of CPC Hunan Provincial Committee

http://www.enghunan.gov.cn/hneng/News/Localnews/202203/t20220323_22721161.html

Covid-19 now endemic in UK?

Yesterday, the ZOE symptom tracker reported 212,162 new infections. Yet another increase, day-on-day for the last week. Last Friday, the ONS reported >2.6m infections for the previous week. Yet another increase and equivalent to 1 in 26 across the nation or about 4% of the whole population.

Yet there are medics (but not Independent_SAGE) still saying that the virus has moved to being endemic in the UK.

Quote:
“Endemicity has been one of the most misappropriated and misunderstood concepts during the pandemic. It means roughly constant levels of infection, but says nothing about how high those levels are and how severe their impact: the common cold is endemic, but so too is malaria. Smallpox was endemic, until eradicated. Endemic does not mean benign. While we fail to take measures to mitigate the pandemic, we will continue to suffer a high disease burden. Despite what politicians say, the pandemic is not over. And while Covid may have been forgotten by some, it is far from gone.”

Kit Yates is director of the Centre for Mathematical Biology at the University of Bath and author of The Maths of Life and Death

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/mar/12/covid-restrictions-eased-cases-coronavirus-precautionary-peasures?fbclid=IwAR1VZCIg3NllR-Rsn1SuWHrS343_2Fc-OI5-M3Zo8qrzKdvlEreBbirv4qI

Yes, Omicron appears to be less deadly than Delta. But just look at S Korea, or even Hong Kong which now has some of the highest infection and fatality rates in the world (due to an immunologically naive population with very few of the elderly fully vaccinated). This is STILL a deadly disease.

And the UK (and others) have abandoned all pretence at mitigating measures bar vaccination. Insane!

2022-02-02 Coronavirus will always be an epidemic not endemic.
https://www.cnbc.com/2022/02/02/covid-will-never-become-an-endemic-virus-scientist-warns.html

– Raina MacIntyre, a professor of global biosecurity at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, told CNBC that although endemic disease can occur in very large numbers, the number of cases does not change rapidly as seen with the coronavirus.
“If case numbers do change [with an endemic disease], it is slowly, typically over years,” she said via email. “Epidemic diseases, on the other hand, rise rapidly over periods of days to weeks.”

Covid-19 ain’t endemic yet. And with such high levels of infection, high rates of vaccination it wouldn’t be surprising for another VOC to come along. Viruses mutate at a vast rate. (And we now know about VE in the UK, 2022-04-05)

Let’s be careful out there, protect the vulnerable (even those we don’t know about), and be careful of whom you listen to. They may be experts, but they’re still human and capable of talking absolute trash (e.g. Jay Bhattacharya)

A Brit’s Perspective of the Pandemic in China, Jan 2022

I have zero medical qualifications but I regularly follow recognised medical/scientific experts. (In the UK, Office of National Statistics, IndependentSAGE, BMJ, Lancet, ZOE Symptom Study – the world’s largest daily study of Covid-19 symptoms from over 1m contributors. In the USA, the CDC, New England Journal of Medicine. World, Worldometer (using data from the Johns Hopkins University). I also have no access to any Chinese data other than that in the public domain.


Prof Devi Sridhar quotation: “Too much fear of overreaction. Better to react and prevent something than to wait and have to treat it later (core tenet of public health). Being blamed later for overreacting comes with the territory. “- Prof Devi Sridhar, Edinburgh University, Professor of Global Health, 26 January 2020

The modified Swiss Cheese model: https://flic.kr/p/2mMNZqX

CDC assessment of mask effectiveness: https://flic.kr/p/2mVAo8P

East Virginia Medical School Covid-19 Supplement Protocols: https://flic.kr/p/2koAmKP
 

Worldometer daily statistics on the pandemic world-wide: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Japanese study of length of time to shed the Omicron virus: https://www.bmj.com/content/376/bmj.o89

Cross infection in Hong Kong quarantine hotel mid Nov. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/28/2/21-2422_article

Omicron detected after 15 days in quarantine : https://edition.cnn.com/2021/12/13/china/china-first-omicron-case-intl-hnk/index.html?utm_medi*um=social

Pandemic in China

There is lots of discussion about the virus in China, the numbers infected and the numbers of deaths.

I have no independent sources to check or verify them. But I can give a few personal experiences and anecdotes and leave you to reflect on their meaning in the larger context.

Spring of 2020

Way back in March 2020 I knew of 13 friends in England who had mild infections but, even though we live only 300km south of Wuhan we knew of no-one who had been infected, despite Yvonne having family living in Wuhan and other neighbours having friends from there. Subsequently (in 2021) we heard that one colleague of Yvonne’s cousin had a mild infection, and later still, a second cousin’s university lecturer died during that period in Wuhan. Yes I know there is censorship of Chinese social media, but there are still phone calls and people talk. But if the Chinese figures were dramatically wrong, how come I knew far more people (friends) in the UK were infected? And by June 2020 around 20,000 elderly people in UK care homes had succumbed to the virus.

Yes the early days of the pandemic – the end of December and the first half of January 2020 – exhibited some negative responses from the Wuhan authorities – the Ophthalmologist Li Wenliang who raised the alarm at the end of December and was ‘silenced’ by the local police and later died (yet due to public pressure on Chinese social media, the Central govt subsequently exonerated him and bestowed on him the highest civilian honour there is – so social media sometimes is NOT silenced by censorship), and top-level Wuhan officials were fired for their ‘hiding’ of the epidemic. By the third week of January, Central govt had taken control of Wuhan. On 23 January the city was sealed off. No trains, no planes, no road traffic (roadblocks in and out of the city). Yvonne’s relatives just got out of the city a couple of hours before the lockdown and spend the rest of the Spring Festival here in Changsha, isolating with the whole of their Changsha family since the wife came down with symptoms – yet a 24hr stay in a hospital here with testing showed she just had a cold. Yet the whole family were in isolation for a full 14 days.

I’ve read Western reports that infection levels/fatalities in the Spring of 2020 were 10x those stated. There were nearly 5000 deaths during Spring 2020, with by far the vast number in Wuhan. If there had been 10x that number, or 50,000, EVERYBODY would have known about it. Sure the Case Infection Rates (those actually tested positive) were under-reported at 90,000 at that time (as they are in every single country. All the time the ZOE study suggests the infection numbers are at least 50% higher than the UK govt figures – also born out by excess fatalities compared with the previous 5 years -, which are already massaged to exclude those who died more than 28 days after testing AND exclude all who subsequently get re-infected). Infection Fatality Rates (the estimated number of people actually infected) is generally regarded as being +-0.3%. So 0.3% of 5,000 deaths gives actual infections of 1.7million. If the deaths had been 50,000, the infections would have been 17m. Wuhan has a population of 12m. I’m sorry, but the western media figures just DO NOT ADD UP.

Nanjing Delta outbreak July 2021

On 3rd September I went to one of the Changsha’s (10m population) large hospitals to collect the results of my annual Health Check done on 17th August. To enter the hospital there was a mask mandate in place and you needed to show your electronic vaccine passport. The hospital was running normally and the only sign of PPE was universal mask-wearing. Regular routine procedures were being carried out (like our annual health checks) and there were no waiting lists. Back in August, my checks included a CT scan to check a minor lung condition and we requested extra Vitamin D blood tests to ensure our immune systems could work optimally. The staff, nurses and doctors were all relaxed and none showed any signs of stress.

Can you name a single UK hospital with a similar experience over the last 20 months? And I understand the waiting list for major surgery has grown to over 5m nationally!

October 2021 Delta outbreak

And in the last week (3rd week of October 2021) there’s been a new outbreak. Yesterday (22 October 2021) there were 28 local infections in the whole country (total infections include new arrivals who are ALL in enforced quarantine hotels at their own expense and being tested 5 times). On the 18th a local case was tested positive here in Changsha, someone who flew in from another province the day before. The whole of the city has instantly tightened up. EVERYONE is wearing masks. Masks have always been required on the metro system the whole time since January 2020, along with everyone having their temperatures checked. Our singing class has cancelled lessons for at least 2 weeks. Everyone is wearing masks, especially in the lifts. That’s in a city of 10m with just one local case of infection. Of course, we won’t know if there are subsequent infections for another week. [As of 21 November Changsha and Hunan have had no subsequent local infections (but with a total of 4 in the province) and just 1 remaining infection (of a new arrival in quarantine) and life here is relaxing again].

And on 17th we went to Suzhou for 3 days. Near Shanghai. On the 20th that province (Jiangsu) had 4 cases. That day, the day after we returned, we had 3 phone calls from Suzhou checking on our health, symptoms, and vaccination status (even though we had shown or electronic health cards while there). So they have pretty rigorous contact tracing even without actual infections in their local area.

On 25 October we were tested as part of the whole city of 10m being tested. Abundance of caution.

Yvonne receiving her Nucleic Acid Test
My health app on my phone

From all this, I think it’s reasonable to state that China learned some important lessons back in January 2020 which has, so far, stopped outbreaks from taking hold – even though the Nanjing outbreak had spread to 18 provinces (and the October outbreak reached 21 provinces). BUT IT WAS STOPPED. The economy opened up to around 99% at the end of April 2020 with dramatically dropping infection numbers. And over the last 18 months, the economy has grown. Would that really have been possible if the country had been severely infected?

But it’s not over for anyone until it’s over for everyone, especially in the poorest nations and places like Africa. We ALL need to continue to be ‘bloody careful’.

[Update 2021-12-14
There appears to have been a second outbreak in Inner Mongolia, independent of the October one above. This is coming under control but has spawned an outbreak in Zhejiang in the last few days.
Daily new infections reported were 80 total including 51 local.

Also, Omicron infections have been detected amongst new arrivals in quarantine, including 7 in Hong Kong and one in Tianjin.

I’m glad all new arrivals are going into quarantine and getting multiple tests. You can’t be too careful.]

[Update 2021-12-15

Multiple tests in quarantine fail to detect Omicron.

Chinese authorities being overconfident!

http://Disease control policies capable of curbing spread of Omicron variant, experts say https://peoplesdaily.pdnews.cn/web/content/detail/e7f4614358a342ac8dc69002beda01b0.html]

[2022-01-01 Latest outbreak, in Xi’an, largely restricted to Shaanxi (174 of 175 local cases)]

[2022-01-05 Looks like the worst outbreak since Spring 2020 is coming under control. Yesterday’s local infections down to 41 (compared to 182 on 28 December]

[2022-01-15 165 new including 104 local (52 in Henan, 39 in Tianjin, eight in Guangdong, four in Shaanxi and one in Zhejiang)]

[2022-01-25 45 new including 18 local infections (6 in Xinjiang, 5 in Beijing, 3 in Henan, 2 in Hebei and 1 each in Tianjin and Shanghai)]

[2022-02-05 27 new including 9 local (6 in Guangdong, 2 in Tianjin, and 1 in Beijing)

But Hong Kong had a big increase of 220 new cases.]

[2022-02-15 102 new including 46 local (19 in Jiangsu, 15 in Liaoning, 7 in Inner Mongolia, 3 in Guangdong and 2 in Guangxi). Hong Kong 1,619]

[2022-02-25 224 new cases including 82 local (30 in Inner Mongolia, 18 in Liaoning, 8 in Guangdong, 5 each in Sichuan and Yunnan, 4 in Guangxi, 3 in Shanxi, 2 each in Beijing, Jiangsu and Hubei, and 1 each in Tianjin, Heilongjiang and Shandong). Hong Kong 8,798. ]

[2022-03-05 281 new including 102 local (46 in Guangdong, 19 in Jilin, 8 in Inner Mongolia, 6 each in Hebei, 5 in Shandong, 3 each in Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangxi, 2 each in Hainan and Yunnan, and 1 each in Shanxi, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan and Sichuan). Hong Kong 52,523]

[2022-03-15 3,602 new including 3,507 local (3,076 in Jilin, 106 in Shandong, 53 in Shaanxi, 51 in Tianjin, 48 in Guangdong, 33 in Fujian, 31 in Zhejiang, 24 in Liaoning, 20 in Jiangsu, 13 in Hebei, 10 in Chongqing, 9 in Shanghai, 7 each in Heilongjiang and Gansu, 6 in Beijing, 4 each in Guangxi and Yunnan, 2 in Guizhou, 1 each in Anhui, Henan and Hunan). Hong Kong 26,908]

[2022-03-25 1,366 new including 1,301 local (1,110 in Jilin, 27 in Shanghai, 25 in Tianjin, 24 in Hebei, 23 each in Heilongjiang and Jiangxi, 17 in Fujian, 13 in Shandong, 12 in Jiangxi, 10 in Henan, 9 in Liaoning, 4 each in Guangdong and Gansu, 3 each in Zhejianag, Yunnan and Shaanxi and 1 each in Hunan, Guizhou and Anhui Hong Kong?]

[2022-03-27 Testers come to our house for 90-year-old parents-in-law. Abundance of caution!

[2022-04-05 1,235 new including 1,183 local (792 in Jilin, 268 in Shanghai, 17 each in Heilongjiang and Zhejiang, 14 in Shandong, 12 in Sichuan, 8 in Beijing, 7 each in Jiangsu and Fujian, six in Hebei , 3 each in Liaoning and Guangdong, 2 each in Tianjin, Guangxi, Yunnan and Qinghai, 1 each in Inner Mongolia, Anhui, Guizhou, Hainan and Xinjiang. Mainland asymptomatics 15,355 yesterday). Hong Kong 3,138]

[2022-04-18 23,382 new including 20,369 asymptomatic. 71 critical. Three new deaths were reported on Sunday, all in Shanghai. The city reported 2,417 confirmed cases and 19,831 asymptomatic infections. Hunan still infected down to 10. Hong Kong 747]

[2022-04-25 20,261 new including 17,581 asymptomatic. 51 deaths yesterday in Shanghai along with 19,432 new infections including 18,982 asymptomatic. Hunan 12 new cases yesterday. Hong Kong 429 new cases]

[2022-05-05, 5,113 new including 4,740 asymptomatic. 13 deaths in SH, 261 new local confirmed cases and 4,390 local asymptomatic. Hunan 2 new cases and total still infected 26. Hong Kong 313.]

[2022-05-15, 1,789 new incl 1,550 asymptomatic. 3 deaths in SH, 166 new local confirmed cases and 1,203 local asymptomatic. 1 imported new asymptomatic case in Hunan, with a current total of 8 still infected. Hong Kong 284.]

[2022-05-25, 590 new incl 473 asymptomatic. No deaths, SH 44 Confirmed and 343 asym. 3 cases still remain in Hunan. Hong Kong 250]